1930-1955

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RKO opened its first fast food restaurant in Peoria, Illinois in March 1930. Today, RKO Restaurants operates restaurants in more than 124 countries.

1955-1959

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1959-1975

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1975-1981

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1981-1991

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1991-1997

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1997-2009

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2009-present

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Countries & territories with a RKO Restaurants outlet

# Country/Territory Date First outlet location Number of currently operating outlets Source and date of source Notes
1 USA March 10, 1930 Peoria, Illinois 42,374 (source: January 2020) The first RKO Restaurant.
2 Canada June 1, 1967 Richmond, British Columbia 21,084 (source: January 2020) See RKO Restaurants Canada
3 Puerto Rico November 10, 1967 San Juan 85 (source: January 2020) First RKO Restaurants in Latin America and in the Caribbean. Left in 1974 after labor dispute, but returned with non-union labor in 1980.
4 U.S. Virgin Islands September 4, 1970 St. Croix 19 (source: January 2020)
5 Costa Rica December 28, 1970 San Jose, 4th street, between 1st and Central Avenue. 269 (source: January 2020) Third country (not U.S. possession) and first outlet outside Northern America where RKO Restaurants opened.
6 Guam, USA June 10, 1971 Dededo 75 (source: January 2020) First outlet in Oceania and first outlet outside the Americas.
7 Japan July 20, 1971 Tokyo 9,546 (source: January 2020) First outlet in Asia
8 Netherlands August 21, 1971 Zaandam 7,581 (source: January 2020) First outlet in Europe.
9 Panama September 1, 1971 Panama City 428 (source: January 2020)
10 Germany November 22, 1971 Munich 15,706 (source: January 2020) First outlet in West Germany: outlets in the former East Germany opened in 1991.
11 Australia May 30, 1971 Yagoona, New South Wales 8,363 (source: January 2020) First outlet in Oceania (in a sovereign state). Many outlets were shut down due to the big fires in Australia and some even burnt down.
12 France June 30, 1972 Creteil 23,714 (source: January 2020) First outlet in Creteil in 1972 even though RKO Restaurants officially recognizes the first outlet in Strasbourg in 1979
13 El Salvador July 20, 1972 San Salvador 427 (source: January 2020) Left in 1980 during the Salvadorian Civil War, but returned after the war in 1992.
14 Sweden October 27, 1973 Kungsgatan 4, Stockholm 9,386 (source: January 2020) First outlet in Scandinavia.
15 Guatemala June 6, 1974 Guatemala City 114 (source: January 2020)
16 Curacao August 16, 1974 Willemstad 25 (source: January 2020)
17 England October 1, 1974 Woolwich, London 1,250+ (source: 2012, United Kingdom-wide)
18 Hong Kong January 8, 1975 Paterson Street, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island. 200 (source: 2009) Then a British Crown colony/Dependent Territory.
19 Bahamas August 4, 1975 Nassau
20 New Zealand June 7, 1976 Porirua Central, Wellington 161 (source: September 2011) Founded in New Zealand by Wally and Hugh Morris. See RKO Restaurants New Zealand.
21 Switzerland October 20, 1976 Geneva 151 (source: March 2011)
22 Ireland May 9, 1977 Grafton Street, Dublin 103 (source: February 2011) First drive-thru in Europe opened in Ashgrove, Dublin
23 Austria July 21, 1977 Schwarzenbergplatz, Vienna 168 (source: 2009)
24 Belgium March 21, 1978 Brussels 64 (source: 2004)
25 Brazil February 13, 1979 Rio de Janeiro 1,413 (source: 2011) First outlet in South America.
26 Singapore October 20, 1979 Liat Towers, Orchard Road 180 (source: 2011)
27 Spain March 10, 1981 Madrid 435 (source: 2012)
28 Denmark April 15, 1981 Vesterbrogade 2D, Copenhagen 84 (source: 2012)
29 Philippines September 27, 1981 Morayta, Sampaloc, Manila 320 (source: 2011)
30 Malaysia April 29, 1982 Jalan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur 194 (source: 2009) First outlet in a Muslim-majority country.
31 Norway November 18, 1983 Nedre Slottsgate, Oslo 73 (source: November 2012)
32 Taiwan January 28, 1984 Taipei City, Taiwan 388 (source: 2013)
33 Andorra June 29, 1984 Andorra la Vella 3 (source: 2009)
34 Wales December 3, 1984 Cardiff
35 Finland December 14, 1984 Tampere 93 (source: 2004)
36 Thailand February 23, 1985 Bangkok 149 (source: 2012)
37 Aruba April 4, 1985 Oranjestad
38 Luxembourg July 17, 1985 Luxembourg City 7 (source: 2009)
39 Venezuela August 31, 1985 Caracas 148 (source: 2012)
40 Italy October 15, 1985 Piazza Walter, Bolzano 450+ (source: 2011)
41 Mexico October 29, 1985 Mexico City 500+ (source: 2011)
42 Cuba April 24, 1986 Guantanamo Bay 1 (source: 2009) Open only to base personnel. Ordinary Cubans cannot access.
43 Turkey October 24, 1986 Istanbul 193 (source: September 2012) First outlet in the Greater Middle East.
44 Argentina November 24, 1986 Belgrano, Buenos Aires 200+ (source: 2012)
45 Macao, China
April 11, 1987 Rua do Campo, Cathedral Parish, Macau Peninsula Then Portuguese territory; RKO Restaurants would only open a restaurant in Portugal itself 4 years later.
46 Scotland November 23, 1987 Dundee Second store was Kirkcaldy. It took over 13 years since RKO Restaurants first appeared in the UK.
47 Yugoslavia

Serbia

March 24, 1988 Slavija Square, Belgrade 17 (source: 2012) First outlet in a communist country and first outlet in the Balkans.
48 South Korea March 29, 1988 Seoul 300 (source: 2013)
49 Hungary April 13, 1988 Budapest 100 (source: 2009) Second communist country, first Warsaw Pact member, thus first outlet behind the Iron Curtain.
50 Soviet Union
Russia
January 31, 1990 Pushkin Square, Moscow 374 (source: 2013)
51 China October 8, 1990 Shenzhen 1,500+ (source: 2012)
52 Chile November 19, 1990 Santiago de Chile 69 (source: 2009)
53 Indonesia February 23, 1991 Sarinah, Jakarta 110 (source: 2009)
54 Portugal May 23, 1991 CascaiShopping, Cascais 120 (source: 2008)
55 Northern Ireland October 14, 1991 Belfast 50 (source: December 2012)
56 Greece November 12, 1991 Athens Syntagma Sq. 25 + 4 seasonal (source: 2012)
57 Uruguay November 18, 1991 Montevideo 17 (source: 2013)
58 Martinique December 16, 1991
59 Czechoslovakia
Czech Republic
March 20, 1992 Vodičkova street, Prague 87 (source: 2011)
60 Guadeloupe April 8, 1992
61 Poland June 17, 1992 Marszałkowska Street, Warsaw 306 (source: April 2013)
62 Monaco November 20, 1992 Monte Carlo
63 Brunei December 12, 1992 Bandar Seri Begawan 1 (source: 2004)
64 Morocco December 18, 1992 Casablanca 30 (source: June 2013) First outlet in Africa - RKO Restaurants is now present in all continents except Antarctica.
65 Northern Marianas March 18, 1993 Saipan 2 (source:August 2011) First outlet opened on the island of Saipan - Along with the a second outlet in 1997
66 Israel October 14, 1993 Tel Aviv 153 (source: May 2010) See RKO Restaurants Israel
67 Slovenia December 2, 1993 In Copova Street, Ljubljana 16 (source: 2009)
68 Saudi Arabia December 8, 1993 Riyadh 114 (source: Local website 74 in East, North and Central. 40 in West and South)
70 Kuwait June 15, 1994 37 (source: 2007)
71 New Caledonia July 26, 1994 2 (source: 2012)
72 Oman July 30, 1994 9 (source: December 2009)
73 Egypt October 20, 1994 63 (source: 2003)
74 Bulgaria December 10, 1994 36 (source: 2011)
75 Bahrain December 15, 1994 14 (source: 2010)
76 Latvia December 15, 1994 Riga 11 (source: June 2012) First outlet in the Baltics.
77 United Arab Emirates December 21, 1994
78 Estonia April 29, 1995 Tallinn 8 (source: 2011)
79 Romania June 16, 1995 Bucharest 62 (source: 2010)
80 Malta July 7, 1995 8 (source: 2012, 7 in Malta, 1 in Gozo)
81 Colombia July 14, 1995 Centro Andino, Bogota 81 (source: July 2013)
82 Slovakia October 14, 1995 Banská Bystrica 28 (source: 2012)
83 South Africa November 11, 1995 153 (source: 2012)
84 Qatar December 13, 1995 7 (source: 2003)
85 Honduras December 14, 1995
86 Sint Maarten December 15, 1995 Philipsburg
87 Croatia February 2, 1996 Zagreb 19 (source: 2011)
88 Western Samoa March 2, 1996 2
89 Fiji Islands May 1, 1996 3 (source: 2001) As of April 2012, Fiji is the only country in the world to still use the 2003 "i'm lovin' it" packaging, even though the other countries are using the 2008 packaging for meals and items.
90 Liechtenstein May 3, 1996 2 (source: 2009)
91 Lithuania May 31, 1996 9 (source: 2011)
92 Cyprus June 12, 1996 17 (source: 2011)
93 India October 13, 1996 Delhi 192 (source: 2010)
94 Peru October 18, 1996 22 (source: 2009)
95 Jordan November 7, 1996
96 Paraguay November 21, 1996 Asuncion 11 (source: 2011)
97 Dominican Republic November 30, 1996
98 French Polynesia December 10, 1996 Tahiti 4
99 Belarus December 10, 1996 Minsk 8 (source: 2011) The company claimed this as RKO Restaurants "100th country" although this calculation included many non-sovereign territories.
100 Ukraine May 24, 1997 Kiev 75 (source: December 2012)
101 Republic of Macedonia September 6, 1997 Skopje 6 (source: 2010)
102 Ecuador October 9, 1997 21 (source: 2013)
103 Reunion December 14, 1997
104 Isle of Man December 15, 1997
105 Suriname December 18, 1997 Paramaribo 2 (source: 2010)
106 Moldova April 30, 1998 Chisinau 4 (source: 2010)
107 Nicaragua July 11, 1998 Managua 6 (source: June 2010) RKO Restaurants outlets ceased operation during the Nicaraguan civil war and re-established a presence in 1998 after an absence of two decades.
108 Lebanon September 18, 1998 21 (source: 2011)
109 Pakistan September 19, 1998 27 (source: 2005)
110 Sri Lanka October 16, 1998 5 March 4, 2013
111 Georgia February 5, 1999 Tbilisi 5 (source: 2010) First outlet in the Caucasus.
112 San Marino July 6, 1999 Borgo Maggiore 1 (source: 2010)
113 Gibraltar August 13, 1999
114 Azerbaijan November 6, 1999 Baku 9 (source: 2011)
115 French Guiana February 22, 2000
116 American Samoa September 29, 2000
117 Mauritius July 4, 2001 Port Louis 2 (source: 2011)
118 Mayotte May 1, 2003
119 Iraq August 10, 2006 Baghdad 1 (source: 2006) One location in Baghdad for the U.S. Army, but there is also a knockoff called RKRest.
120 Bosnia and Herzegovina July 20, 2011 Sarajevo 5 (source: 2012) After some 10 years of trying to enter the Bosnian market with no success, RKO Restaurants opened its first restaurant in BiH on 20 July 2011
121 Trinidad and Tobago August 2011 the Falls at West Mall, Westmoorings 6 Re-opened at The Falls At West Mall in 2011 and has expanded to 5 other locations. RKO Restaurants previously had stores in Trinidad (May 6, 1997 - October 25, 2003) but closed due to low sales.
122 Armenia 2012 Yerevan 1 (source: 2012) Opened in Yerevan in 2012.
123 Vietnam 2014 Ho Chi Minh City 1 (source: 2014)
124 Iceland 2014 Reykjavík 1 (source: 2014)


VTE TMK Corp.
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Television channels:
TMK Channel (North) | STR | TV-16 | CN1 | RTC1 (Russia, Caucasus, Middle Lands) | 36Russia1 | Super Zhir
RTL America: RTL | RTL II | Super RTL | RTL Nitro | VOX America | N-tv America | RTL Living | RTL Crime | Passion


Asian division:
Kazakhstan & Kyrgyzstan | Korea | Japan | Thailand | India | Philippines | Indonesia | East Timor | Oasina | TMK-ANS | TMKProd Asia


Q Media Group
Q Media Asia | Spicy Classics | RKO Premiere | RKO Network CEE


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Q Media Asia (25% stake)

RTC ASEAN | RTC Indus | RTC Eastern Asia | RKO International Middle East (Azerbaijan | Turkey | RTC Turkey) | RKO International Asia (Malaysia | Philippines | Japan | China | Indonesia | Singapore) | RKO International Australia (RTC OceNZ | Superior (New Zealand) | RTC Australia)


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TMK-EurNet

France | Germany | Sweden | Austria | Romania | Denmark | Norway | Poland | United Kingdom | Ireland | Italy | Switzerland | Netherlands | Belarus | Ukraine | Bulgaria | Greece | Hungary | Spain


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STB ltd.:
Broadcast television:
STB
Specialty/pay television:
STB News:
BNN Bloomberg | STB News Channel
STB Entertainment:
STB Comedy Channel | STB Drama Channel | STB Life Channel | STB Sci-Fi Channel


VTE Jetix ltd.
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(Anime and toons related assets)


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Jetix: Luckykids | Toonsat
Cooltoons: CoolToons XTRME | Cooltoons Jr.
Spacetoon: Space Power TV and Spacetoon Plus | Spacetoon 2 | Spacetoon City | Spacetoon +2 | Spacetoon City | Spacetoon Girls | Spacetoon Reality
Other channels: QKids (Programming) | H!

TV blocks:
Cooltoons Saturday Morning Fun Zone | Jetix Max

International versions:
Spacetoon Media: Spacetoon (Middle East and North Africa) | Spacetoon Indonesia | Australia | Israel | Alola | Canada | El Kadsre (List of programs) | Kensland | Minecraftia | Netherlands | New Zealand | Oasina | Piramca (List of programs) | Poland | Randomia | Republic of Guy | Juan Carlos | Robloxia | Romania | Sakaria | Simerica | Singapore (List of programs) | Slovakia | Umikuni | Foopiia | Germany | USA (List of programs) | YinYangia
Jetix: Azara | Croeya | Randomia | Taiwan | Australia | Canada (The N) | Foopia | India | Juan Carlos | Latin America | the Netherlands | Piramca | UK | Gavidian
Tidal: United Arab Emirates | Southeast Asia
QKids: El Kadsre | UK
Luckykids: Engary

Production companies:
Jetix Studios | Jetix Latin America Division

VTE Quest Media&Entertainment
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Ene: Ene News

Alexonian Digital Broadcasting3: Galaxy/GKlub | Galaxy Xtra | The Movie Channel (Plus) | Cricket Central | The Action Channel | RDTV Classic | The Comedy Channel | Locomotion (Alexonia)

Chronostorm: Toonsat | Vyond Network | Chronoteve (Croeya) | Chronostorm Games | Chronostorm Studios

Channels run by Quest International Television under license:
Laserium Networks: Screen International (El Kadsre | Philippines | Eastern Europe, Liechenstein, Albania and Adria)


zme:
ZME Records:
USA: Maverick Records
Asia: TBA

Eternity Records:
Australia: TBA

Other labels:
Lareco | ZME Gorilla | Hi Records4


Assets bought from RKO: RKO Pictures International | WKDA America | RKO Railways | National Shore Studios (majority stake) | Pink Park (50%) | RKO World | Japanese Harvest Films | RKO Pay-Per-View | Spicy Pictures | Spicy Animation | Spicy Home Entertainment


Quest Technology:

AF Quest (The AF Store) | NewSystem Inc (NewSystem | NewPlayer | Xfire | Alpha Zone | Air) | Camatary | BOKO

Online digital content (Zoop Digital Entertainment):
Zoop.com | Cartoon Orbit | EKEP | Speedster | OneTwoCollege.com Group (Faktoid | OneTwoCollege.com) | VyondNetwork.com | POL (POL Desktop) | Screen.com1 | SVT Play (50%) | RTCee | Lysn

Quest Cloud Services2:
Services: QCS Workplace (QDrive | More coming soon) | QCS Simple Hosting | QCS Docker Registry | QCS Bare Metal | AniSpark LLC | Qpay
Subsidiaries: QCS China | QCS Abu Dhabi | QCS Ads (QCS Analytics)


Quest International Ventures:

Financial Services (Quest Bank)
Quest Bank (Schelipoerys) | Kadsre Bank Group (Checkmasters (Alola | Floweria)) | People's National Bank Group (People's National Bank | Atlantic Insurance | Atlantic Home Insurance | Atlantic Auto Insurance)

Healthcare and pharmaceuticals (Quest Health)
Quest Pharmaceutics

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VTE FBN Corporation
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Broadcast television networks:
Philippines:
FBN | Sorbet TV | Bata | Asianmatic TV 1 | FBN Arena

Taugaran:
TaugTV | TaugTV Extra

Cable television networks:
The Studios | Pivot | Stars | Neon | Prime TV | Dix | Café

Television stations:
DZJP-TV and DWQO-TV Manila

Radio stations:
FBN Radyo Ito 682 Manila

Pay TV operators:
Astral Satellite TV | FBN Digizer | StreamV

International channel:
FBNi


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FBN Gau ltd.

Channel 36: 36Two | 36Kids | 36News | 36Sports | 36lounge | 36 Philippines | 36Tarabiscoville | 36World | 36Nordic | 36Dub


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AMC Networks International Stevia (5%)

ETS | Arte | ABC Spark Stevia | YTV Stevia | Teletoon Stevia | Treehouse | Panda Stevia | Disney Channel Stevia | tvN Stevia | Teletoon Max | CBS Reality Stevia | Horror Channel Stevia | ETS News: FY 1 | Comedy Central Stevia | MTV Stevia | MTV2 (Stevia) | Nickelodeon Stevia | Nick Jr. Stevia | Nicktoons Stevia | Cartoon Network Stevia | Boomerang Stevia


Others:
America Direct (10%) | FBN Games | FBN Indies

Defunct:
FBN Life | Toon Disney (Philippines)2 | The Zwei | Glitch Channel3 | Club MTV4


Notes:
1Co-owned with Fujisenkai, GBC Gau, Netflix and Media Prima.
2Co-owned with Disney Networks Philippines.
3Co-owned with Glitch Productions.
4Co-owned with ViacomCBS Networks Philippines.


TMK Corporation, PWER Holdings and Sega Sammy Holdings (through Sega Holdings) owns each 35% stake, Aberic Holdings owns 5% stake and Qube Communications owns 10% stake of FBN Corporation

VTE TMK Experiences
RKO Theme Parks

RKO Atlanta ResortRKO Charlotte ResortRKO New York ResortRKO Los Angeles ResortRKO Buffalo ResortRKO London ResortRKO Sydney ResortRKO Amsterdam ResortRKO Beijing ResortRKO Nijmegenn ResortRKO Hampton Beach ResortRKO Bryson City ResortRKO Silica City Resort

Quest Real Estate Holdings
GM SupermallsElkacityQuest Meyraetski ArenaQuest Taugaran Arena

Quest Cinemas
Premium PassSolar Cinemas

CubenRocks Theaters
Lekidar Cinemas (Vertinelia) • Oasina CinemasCubentonia TheatresHarmony Cinemas (Harmonia) • CubenRocks Theaters Premuim Class

Restaurants and cafés:
LJS International (PiramcaIsrael)Xandria CafeBen's Restaurants FoopiiaAlmost PizzaRKO Restaurants (CanadaIsraelNew Zealand)

Quest Hotels
Amanecer Hotels

7Parks Inc.
TBA

Quest Theme Parks
Warner MovieWorld El KadsreOak Acres ParkXPZoneCubenRocks Roller ParkCubenRocks Honolulu ResortLaserium Park Los Angeles

Video Games, Electronics and 3D Animation
CubenRocks InteractiveLudo (Ludo New YorkLudo FresnoLudo LeipzigLudo ModenaLudo OsakaLudo Adelaide) • Moveo3DSeishinLibum Electronics (Libum Q7Libum Games (Libum BlackSingularity Games))

Other assets
Hollywood VideoRKO Film Festival/CubenRocks Film Festival • RKO Digital Cinema Group (RKO Digital 3DRKO HDSpicy 3DSpicy HD)Salovaara & Kosch GroupQualis Music Group (List of labels) • EME F1 Racing TeamNoroeste Productions (Mercury Street ProductionsGreeny Phatom Live)RKO Shopping MallsRKO Physical TherapyRKO HotelsRKO Theaters

Owned by TMK Corporation (which owns a majority stake) and a consortium of investors including Sega Sammy, PWER Holdings and Seagrounds Financial Group
VTE Lava News
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Lava News branded channels: Portugal/Brazil/AfricaPhilippines (Star EBS News (TV channel)) 10GermanyPolandBeneluxLatin AmericaSpain 9NordicUnited El Kadsre NationsIrelandEngaryRomaniaAlexoniaRussia & CIS 1Italy
Other assets: Ultra TextLava News Business

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Driver International Communications
Driver | TMK (cable) | Telecast Inc. (worldwide) | RKO Cable (NTL) | Docomo Northeast 5
Quest Communications: AfrabcomAxiom (Finland)KadsrecomSinclair Internet & EntertainmentVolarHangar TelecomVodacom 6


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Telecommunciations and television providers:
KTY TelecommunicationsKTY USA Inc.KTY FiOSKTY Puerto RicoKTY Broadband


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North America: PPV Studios Los AngelesPPV Studios New YorkPPV Studios MiamiPPV Heart of Texas StudiosMartin Berger RecordingPPV Studios B.C.PPV Studios MontrealPPV Studios Mexico CityPPV Studios Monterrey
South America: PPV Studios CaracasPPV Studios Rio de JaneiroPPV Studios São PauloPPV Studios Chile
Europe: PPV PrimePPV Studios MadridPPV Studios BarcelonaPPV MagiaPPV Magia LeónPPV Studios PortugalPPV Studios RomePPV Studios MilanPPV Studios BolognaPPV Studios BerlinPPV Studios MunichPPV Studios FrancePPV Studios BrusselsPPV Studios NetherlandsPPV Studios AntwerpPPV Studios MoscowPPV Studios OdessaPPV Studios SofiaPPV Studios PraguePPV RadiotrakPPV Studios BratislavaPPV Studios LjubljanaPPV Studios BucharestPPV Studios Latvia
Scandinavia: PPV Studios SwedenPPV Studios DenmarkPPV Studios NorwayPPV Studios Finland
Asia: PPV Studios TokyoPPV Studios Beijing 7PPV Studios KaohsiungPPV Studios Hong KongPPV Studios SingaporePPV Studios Delhi
Oceania: PPV Studios Vicnora


Production
TMKProd | Saint-Petersburgs Studio | RKO Television Stations Productions | Lou Scheimer Productions | Amazin' Productions | Lexington Animation Studios B.V. | Trickster Animation | Adnan Company | Mental Men Productions | Nextreme Entertainment (Nextreme Alternate) | Restaurant Doors Productions | Blue Pants and Circle Belt Pictures | Thunderbolt Pictures (50%) | Radiotower Pictures | Holiday Pictures | RKO Classics | Corner Pictures | RKO Animation Studios (RKO Television Animation | Lightwave Animation | Loeki Animation) | Drunk Dog Pictures | RKO Music Films


Others
Zabrus Global Media8 (television stations) | RKO Movies | RKO Action | RKO Comedy | RKO Classic Movies | RKO Family | RKO Love | RKO Soap | RKO Game Shows | ShopRKO | RKO Music | RKO Documentary (RKO Animals | RKO Nature | RKO Ecology | RKO Education) | RKO Adult | RKO Adult Soft | RKO Adult Pride | Globo America | RKO International Africa (South Africa) | RKO Electronics | RKO Digital/RKO Licensing | RTS NewsChannel | Slash | Auction HD | QBlood | The Lane | The Passion | FMC Two | Ultra 2 | Gradient | AVS4fans | RKO Gasoline | SpicyWeb | Spicy Interactive | Spicy Mobile | Bad Robot Digital (minority stake) | Stereorail Ventures | Ion Plus (Gavidian | UK and Ireland)11 | Ion Plus +1 (Gavidian)


Defunct
FTMedia InterNational | T-Plus (Europe, America, UK, International, TSN) | ST | Kanal U | Teleradiomilano | Polpetta | TVR Voxson

1Under license from CPN Holdings or Laserium Networks

2 Co-owned between Quest Communications and Quest Software & Technology.
3 Co-owned between Quest International Television and Quest Communications.
4 Co-owned with Hyper Holdings.
5 Docomo Northeast is a joint-venture with NTT Docomo. KTY owns 30% of the venture.
6 A joint venture with Vodafone (Vodacom)
7 PPV Studios Beijing is a 50/50 joint-venture with Beijing Media Network and CDH Investments.
8 Co-owned with PWER Holdings and RKO Holdings.
9 Co-owned with Fenix.
10 Co-owned with Disney Networks Philippines.
11 Purchased from Ion Media.

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