Park Cinemas was a Russian cinema chain acquired by Laserium Holdings in 2014. On January 30, 2019, they merged into Bachmann Cinemas.
Metropolis was an Australian cinema chain founded by Laserium Holdings in 2014.
Optimum Cinemas was founded as a revival of the Optimum Releasing brand by Laserium Holdings in 2014. All of it's operations in Germany and UK were sold off in January 30, 2019, while the South Korean operations were merged into Bachmann Cinemas.
Bachmann International Cinema
Bachmann International Cinema, Bachmann Classics and Bachmann Multi Cinema merged to become Coliseum in January 2017. Due to confusion with Metro Optimum's Coliseum Theaters, the chain was merged into Bachmann Cinemas.
In December 2018, Bachmann Cinemas acquired Village Cinemas Bucharest, which was first operated by Village Lava, then sold to SLN! Media Group then operated under license from Village Roadshow Limited.
On January 30, 2019, Bachmann Cinemas opened operations in Russia, China, New Zealand, South Korea and Europe. Also, Vexner Cinema and InterD concepts became part of Bachmann Cinemas, thus the brands were discontinued.